Poppy seeds are similar to most other fresh foods and spices; they can expire or worse… get spoiled. Foods with high oil content can become especially unpleasant, which in this case can lead to rancid poppy seeds. As food prices continue to increase, it is as important as ever to keep foods fresh. Over the past week, our team has been researching and analyzing methods for keeping ingredients fresher longer. After receiving several questions about seeds, I decided to dedicate an entire post to identifying and avoiding rancid poppy seeds.
It’s important to remember that poppy seeds have many health benefits that are wasted with spoiled seeds.
Buy Quality Fresh Poppy Seeds
If you are short on time, you can avoid rancid poppy seeds by purchasing quality poppy seeds from a trusted vendor. Once you receive your seeds, make sure to follow my 5 Tips for Extending Poppy Seed Shelf Life.
Guide to Avoid Rancid Poppy Seeds
This guide will help you identify and prevent rancid poppy seeds. Fortunately, poppy seeds are relatively shelf stable, so it is fairly easy to keep them fresh if you follow simple instructions. As a bonus, these same methods can be used for other seeds as well!
How to Tell if Poppy Seeds Are Rancid?
There are two main methods for determining whether you have rancid poppy seeds… smell and appearance.
Rancid Poppy Seed Aroma
You will likely be able to smell rancid seeds before you see them. If they are completely rotten, they have a sour stench that smells like decomposing garbage. The aroma is similar to rotten meat, but it has undertones of dirt. The oil present in the seeds makes the aroma very powerful. I have been shocked at the strength of the stink the seeds can make when they go bad. You will know it when you smell it.
Rancid Poppy Seed Appearance
“The seeds should be completely dry and the seeds should easily separate…”
If somehow you couldn’t smell them, rancid poppy seeds look different when compared to fresh seeds. Seeds that are wet, moldy, or clumped together should be completely avoided. Just like most foods, you’ll be able to tell when seeds are rotten. The seeds should be completely dry and the seeds should easily separate when agitated.
You can learn more details on poppy seed appearance on my related post.
I have avoided eating rotten poppy seeds, and I plan on continuing this practice. If the seeds taste like they smell (which is likely), they taste terrible. Fresh poppy seeds have a wonderful flavor and nice crunch. Which brings me to my next point…
Do NOT Consume Rancid Poppy Seeds
If think your seeds might be rancid, do not consume them. Consuming rotten or rancid seeds can result in ingesting mold and bacteria that can make you nauseous and sick to your stomach. It is definitely not worth the risk. This is a perfect time for one of my favorite phrases… when in doubt, throw it out! I’ve found it can even work in relationships, just ask my exes 🙂
Poppy Seed Expiration Dates
If your poppy seeds are past the expiration dates, you can use your best judgement to decide whether or not they can still be used. If they pass the smell test, look normal, and you’ve kept your poppy seeds properly stored, chances are they will still maintain a good flavor profile. If you are planning on using them for a baking competition, I would buy new/fresh seeds.
The Bottom Line
Rancid poppy seeds are easy to identify and should be avoided at all costs. Never consume or serve seeds that you think might be rotten. It is cheaper in the long run to purchase new fresh seeds to cook with, and you don’t have to worry about making yourself sick.